Following a well-balanced, healthy diet should give you all the vitamins and nutrients your body needs. If you are unable to maintain a balanced diet, you may need to start taking dietary supplements.

Dietary supplements come in the form of capsules, powders, gels, tablets, liquids and even extracts. These supplements may contain vitamins, minerals, herbs, fibre or enzymes. Sometimes, supplements are even added to foods and drinks.

It may seem harmless to take some extra vitamins or minerals to boost your health. However, if you take too many supplements for too long, it can actually be harmful. You may not need a doctor’s prescription for supplements, but it’s important to talk to your doctor and get clued up before taking them.

Some supplements are needed for specific reasons or conditions:

Vitamin D supplements

Some people are at risk of not having enough Vitamin D. For example, babies who are fed with less than 500ml of formula should be given a Vitamin D supplement. People who aren’t often exposed to the sun should also be taking Vitamin D especially those who live in institutions like care homes or people with disabilities who don’t necessarily go outside often.

Folic acid supplements

All women thinking of having a baby should have a folic acid supplement. Pregnant women up to week 12 of their pregnancy should also be taking it. Folic acid can help prevent defects during pregnancy. Your gynaecologist is the best person to advise you on taking folic acid, have a chat before you take it.

Besides Vitamin D, an iron deficiency is common. An iron deficiency can lead to a medical condition called iron deficiency anaemia. Other supplements like vitamins A and C may be given to children aged six months to five years if they’re fussy eaters who may not be getting enough nutrition.

Before taking a supplement:

Talk to your doctor

Specific supplements could affect how medications work. For instance, some supplements could increase the risk of bleeding. If you take certain supplements before or after surgery, it could affect your response to anaesthesia.

Do your research

If you’re thinking of taking a supplement, read up as much as you can about it. Be aware of the sources where you get your information. Talk to a pharmacist or a registered dietician. If your doctor or pharmacist suggests a specific supplement, don’t choose a different brand or dose. Their recommendation is the safest bet.

Ask questions

Just because something is labelled “healthy” or “natural” doesn’t mean it’s good for you or safe to take. And if something sounds too good to be true, it probably is. Read the fine print to check for side-effects. Don’t buy dietary supplements with ingredients you don’t need or with added things like sugars. Understanding supplements will prevent health issues and save you a lot of cash in the long run.

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